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UNITED MEXICAN STATES
The Mexican flag consists of three vertical bands in green, white and red, with the Mexican coat of arms (an eagle on a prickly pear cactus with a snake in its beak and talons) in the center of the white band.
MEXICAN NATIONAL ANTHEM
Himno Nacional Mexicano
Mexicanos, al grito de guerra
el acero aprestad y el bridón.
Y retiemble en sus centros la Tierra,
al sonoro rugir del cañón.
¡Y retiemble en sus centros la Tierra,
al sonoro rugir del cañón!
Mexicans, at the cry of war,
make ready the steel and the steed,
and may the earth tremble at its centers
at the resounding roar of the cannon.
And may the earth tremble at its centers
at the resounding roar of the cannon!
Ciña ¡oh Patria! tus sienes de oliva
de la paz el arcángel divino,
que en el cielo tu eterno destino
por el dedo de Dios se escribió.
Mas si osare un extraño enemigo
profanar con su planta tu suelo,
piensa ¡oh Patria querida! que el cielo
un soldado en cada hijo te dio.
Let gird, oh Motherland, your brow with olive
by the divine archangel of peace,
for in heaven your eternal destiny
was written by the finger of God.
But if some enemy outlander should dare
to profane your ground with his step,
think, oh beloved country, that heaven
has given you a soldier in every son.
¡Guerra, guerra sin tregua al que intente
De la patria manchar los blasones!
¡Guerra, guerra! Los patrios pendones
En las olas de sangre empapad.
¡Guerra, guerra! En el monte, en el valle
Los cañones horrísonos truenen,
Y los ecos sonoros resuenen
Con las voces de ¡Unión! ¡Libertad!
War, war without quarter to any who dare
to tarnish the coat of arms!
War, war! Let the national banners
be soaked in waves of blood.
War, war! In the mountain, in the valley,
let the cannons thunder in horrid unison
and may the sonorous echoes resound
with cries of Union! Liberty!
Antes, patria, que inermes tus hijos
Bajo el yugo su cuello dobleguen,
Tus campiñas con sangre se rieguen,
Sobre sangre se estampe su pie.
Y tus templos, palacios y torres
Se derrumben con hórrido estruendo,
Y sus ruinas existan diciendo:
De mil héroes la patria aquí fue.
O, Motherland, ere your children, defenseless
bend their neck beneath the yoke,
may your fields be watered with blood,
may their foot be printed in blood.
And may your temples, palaces and towers
collapse with horrid clamor,
and may their ruins continue on, saying:
Of one thousand heroes, here the Motherland began.
¡Patria! ¡Patria! Tus hijos te juran
Exhalar en tus aras su aliento,
Si el clarín con su bélico acento
los convoca a lidiar con valor.
¡Para ti las guirnaldas de oliva!
¡Un recuerdo para ellos de gloria!
¡Un laurel para ti de victoria!
¡Un sepulcro para ellos de honor!
Motherland! Motherland! your children swear to you
to breathe their last for your sake,
if the bugle with its warlike accent
persuades them to battle with courage.
For you, olive wreathes!
A memory for them of glory!
For you, a laurel of victory!
A tomb for them of honor!
Written By:Francisco González Bocanegra in 1853. In 1854, Jaime Nunó composed the music which now accompanies González's poem.
MEANING: Mexico was still facing the effects of a defeat in a war with the United States. The country felt demoralized and also divided, due to the loss of nearly half of its territory to the United States.On that same date, Mexico City and other parts of the country stopped what they were doing and performed a nationwide singing of the anthem. Individuals from other nations participated, mostly at diplomatic offices or at locations where a high concentration of Mexican expatriates are found. The anthem has also been described as one of the symbols of the "Mexican identity".
The culture i am going to discribe is mexican.This reflexs of my familiys veiw on what they belive in is that we speak spanish at home.The aspect of my family that would be considered as a surface culture is kissing family members on the cheek and also eating tradion like foods.The aspect of my culture that would be considered a deep culture would be speaking spanish,showing up late to parties.Some stereotypes made about mexicans would be that men allways say the last word i would prove this wrong because the man does not have a better right than woman on speaking
In mexico there are 63 diffrent languages.All 63 languages are spoken in diffrent parts of mexico.Spanish is spoken my the vast majority of mexicans.The goverment does not belive that this is the native language of mexico in fact it does not have a set language.The goverment is set to belive that people living in mexico should be able to speak the language of there choice.
Indigenous languages of Mexico
(Mexicano, Mexicanero, Nahuat, Nahual, Melatahtol)
(K'op o winik atel)
(Ha shuta enima)
Chontal de Tabasco
Chontal de Oaxaca
Tacuate (Mixtec de Santa María Zacatepec)
Other languages 1
In mexico the are basicly eight diffrent belifes.The amin belief is catholic.this became a main religion in the 1519 when Herman Cortes landed on the cost of mexico.A long know symbol o of the catholics is the Virgin De Guadalupe. According to Roman Catholic belief, in December 1531, the Virgin Mary appeared on three occasions to a Christian Indian woodcutter named Juan Diego on the hill of Tepeyac, six kilometers north of Mexico City's main plaza. She spoke to him in the Náhuatl language and identified herself by the name of Guadalupe. The Virgin commanded Juan Diego to seek out Bishop Juan de Zumárraga and to inform him of her desire to have a church built in her honor on that spot. After two unsuccessful visits to the bishop's house, Juan Diego returned to Tepeyac and was ordered by the Virgin to pick up some roses, carry them on his cloak, and attempt to make a third visit to the skeptical bishop. Once in the bishop's office, Juan Diego unfolded his cloak to present the roses, and an image of a mestizo Virgin had been miraculously imprinted upon it. Bishop Zumárraga acknowledged the miracle, and a shrine was built on the site of the appearances.
Virgin De Guadalupe
There are many holidays in mexico.The main holidays are cinco the mayo,mexican independence day,dia de los muertos,dia de nuestra senora de guadalupe,christmas.Cinco de mayo is celebrated on the 5 of may the holiday is tho remember the defet of the french army in the Battel of Puebla in 1862.This is expecialy popular in the city of puebla.It is often confused with the mexican independence day witch is on september 16.Mexican independence day is celebrated when mexico won there independence from spain in 1810.the holiday begins being celebrated at 11 pm on the 15 with an oficial reading of EL GRITO DE DOLORES at midnight.Dia de los muertos stands for day of the day.Thsi holiday is a mix of native mexican and eurpean traditions.The aztects used to hold a celebration for the day of the dead.In the catholic religion november 1-2 is the days that they too celebrate the day of the dead.But now it's celebration begins on the evening of october 31.Dia de Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe is celebrated on December 12.This is the feast day of the virgin mary who is a saint of mexico.Christmas is an important holiday in mexico.People usially take of two week of work to celebrate.They have certain days and diffrent meanings were they do diffrent parades.
Dia De Los Muertos
If you think of mexican food you think about tacos,enchiladas,buritos.That is not the only food that they have there is so much food.The mexican food is a mixture of native indian,spanish,and french cuisines. The food has a variety of flavors.Mexico introduced corn,patatoes,tomatoes,vanilla,chocolate,squashes,assorted beans,avacados,peanuts,chilies,guava,coconuts,papaya and pineapples.Some types of food aretacos,pozole,camarones a la diabla,tamales,chiles rellenos,guacamole,enchiladas,pico de gallo.
There is a variety of music in this world.In mexico there is diffrent kinds of music it just depends what your style is.For example there is norteno reggaeton,corridos,durangense,merengue,bachata,cumbia,and banda.
MUSIC FROM YOUTUBE.
Cultural diffusion played a big part in mexico.The cstholic religion came from spain when herman cortes landed in mexico.Indeans used to run mexico and when the spaniard csme and took over they changed the language.After whitch the language changed into spanish.Some music was originated from all around mexico.It is now know all around mexico and not just one part.
PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY AFFECTS
There are diffrent was in were the physical featers come and take part.For example,the weather is very hot so so your clothes tend to be very light and you do not were alot of lairs.Scince there is alot of beaches so you tend to have bathing suits.The woman tend to were clothes like other places in the united states.Men tend to weart-shirts and trousers.If there is a parade then they tend to wear traditonal clothing.
Cobb ,B., Allan.
Mexico a Primary Source Culture
. Guide. The Rosen Publishing Group's. New York,2004
Cultures of the World Mexico
. Benchmark Books.Ney York,2002
Countries Of The World Mexico
. Facts Of File.Ney York,2004
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